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6th grade_Age of Exploration and Enlightenment

6th grade_Age of Exploration and Enlightenment

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Tags: social studies   6th grade   csms  

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mercantilism
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The idea that a country gains power by building a supply of gold and silver
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commerce
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The buying and selling of goods in large amounts over long distances
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export
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To sell to other countries
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import
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To buy from other countries
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colony
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A settlement of people living in a new territory controlled by the homeland
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astrolabe and compass
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The invention of the _____ and the _____ by the Arabs and Chinese made European exploration possible.
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Ptolemy and al-Idrisi
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Europeans studied works of _____ and _____ to earn geography of the known world.
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Sugar
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_____ started the slave trade in the Americas.
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Asia and North America
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Mercantilism was the reason that Europeans first set up posts and colonies in _____.
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cottage industry
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The _____ paid peasants to produce products.
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understood by reason
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Natural law applied to everyone and could be _____.
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deism
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A religious belief based on reason
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separation of powers
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A belief that governmental power should be divided among three branches
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social contract
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An agreement between rulers and the people
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absolutism
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Government in which monarchs hold total power
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natural law
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During the Enlightenment, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke based their ideas about government on _____.
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legislative
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Separation of powers means that governmental power is divided among the executive, judicial and _____ branches.
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Mary Wollstonecraft
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One English writer who was a strong supporter of women's rights was _____.
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Louis XIV
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France's Sun King, or _____, was the most famous absolute monarch in history.
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Peter the Great
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This ruler was one of Russia's most powerful czars.
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