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6th grade_Early China Study Guide

6th grade_Early China Study Guide

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Tags: social studies   6th grade   csms  

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provided safe borders
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How did mountains and deserts help the Chinese civilization that began along the Huang He (Yellow River) develop?
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Warlords
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Who did the kings choose to govern kingdom's territories?
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Aristocrats
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Who were the nobles whose wealth came from land they owned?
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farmers
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What was the occupation of most Chinese?
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the gods, spirits, and ancestors
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Kings believed that they received power and wisdom from _____.
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pictographs and ideographs
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Early Chinese writing consisted of _____.
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bureaucracy
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The _____ is made up of appointed officials who are responsible for different areas of government.
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A belief that kings' right to rule came from the gods because of talent and virtue
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What was the mandate of heaven?
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the right to overthrow a dishonest or evil ruler
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The Mandate from Heaven gave people ______.
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they developed irrigation, flood control systems and the iron plow
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Why could farmers grow more crops than ever before during the Zhou Dynasty?
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crossbows, saddles and stirrups, gunpowder
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Chinese military inventions that improved their performance in battle were:
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aristocrats, farmers, artisans, merchants
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The 4 main social classes were:
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gave part of their crops to the landowners
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How did farmers pay for the use of aristocrats' land?
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They were looked down upon, and Chinese leaders believed that government officials should not be concerned with money.
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Why weren't merchants allowed to have government jobs?
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children had to respect their parents and older relatives
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Filial piety means _____.
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Confucius
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Who was the founder of Confucianism?
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philosophy that held everyone to have a sense of duty
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Confucianism is a _____.
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Confucius and his followers traveled around teaching his ideas, and common people liked his idea that all people should be a part of government.
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Confucianism spread because_____.
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philosophy to achieve balance and harmony in nature, in one's life and in society
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Daoism is a _____.
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the force that guide all things, "The Way"
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Laozi the founder of Daoism said Dao is _____.
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paper & printing, magnetic compass & rudder, seismograph
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What were the major contributions of Early China?
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China, Central Asia, the Mediterranean
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Which regions did the Silk Road connect?
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polytheistic
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The Chinese worshipped many gods that means they were _____.
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The Silk Road
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Through what way did trade grow extensively when merchants carried silk, tea and porcelain?
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wood block printing
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What helped spread Chinese ideas and art?
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calligraphy
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The ancient Chinese writing that was considered an art form was called _____.
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The Great Wall of China
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What famous architecture was built to keep out invaders?
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Terracotta Warriors
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What were Emperor Qin's clay soldiers called that were buried with him in his tomb?
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Genghis Khan
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The Mongals under whose leadership created the most skilled fighting force and largest empire in the history of the world?
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The Forbidden City was built, the Grand Canal was expanded, and a large fleet of ships sailed on open seas to other countries.
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What important events happened during the Ming Dynasty (began AD 1368)?
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