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Acid and Base Terms

Acid and Base Terms

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Tags: science   chemistry   high school   cusd   hs-ps1-2   ngss   acid   base   ps1-2   bronsted   lowry   lewis   arrhenius   conjugate  

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Monoprotic Acids
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Acids that release one Hydrogen ion into solution.
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Diprotic Acids
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Acids that release two Hydrogen ions into solution.
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Triprotic Acids
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Acids that release three Hydrogen ions into solution.
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Arrhenius Acid
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A definition of an acid which states that an acid is a molecule that releases Hydrogen ions (H+) into an aqueous solution.
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Arrhenius Base
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A definition of a base which states that a base is a molecule that releases Hydroxide ions (OH-) into an aqueous solution.
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Brønsted-Lowry Acid
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A definition of an acid which states that an acid is a hydrogen-ion donor.
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Brønsted-Lowry Base
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A definition of a base which states that a base is a hydrogen-ion acceptor.
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Conjugate Acid
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The acid formed when a Brønsted-Lowry Base gains a Hydrogen ion.
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Conjugate Base
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The base formed when a Brønsted-Lowry Acid loses a Hydrogen ion.
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Conjugate Acid-Base Pair
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A pair of molecules (a base and an acid) related by the gain or loss of a Hydrogen atom.
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Hydronium Ion
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A water molecule which has gained a hydrogen ion.
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Amphoteric
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A compound that is able to react as an acid or as a base. Water is an example.
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Lewis Acid
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A definition of an acid which states that an acid is an electron-pair acceptor.
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Lewis Base
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A definition of an acid which states that an acid is an electron-pair donator.
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