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American Civil War: Key People

American Civil War: Key People

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Abraham Lincoln
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16th president whose election prompted South Carolina to secede; wrote Emancipation Proclamation
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Robert E. Lee
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Confederacy's top general who lost the Battle of Gettysburg and surrendered in 1865
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John Brown
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Abolitionist who sparked Bleeding Kansas, Pottawatomie Massacre, and Harpers Ferry Raid
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James Buchanan
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15th president who supported admitting Kansas as a slave state and didn't prevent Southern secession
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Jefferson Davis
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1st president of the Confederacy who was unappreciated by fellow Confederates
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Stephen Douglas
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Designer of the Kansas-Nebraska Act; lost election of 1860 to Abraham Lincoln
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Ulysses S. Grant
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Union's top general who advocated total war against the Confederacy; later became the 18th president
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George McClellen
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Overly cautious Union general who defeated the Confederacy at the Battle of Antietam
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Franklin Pierce
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14th president who was a pro-slavery Northerner; supported the South's desire for more slave states
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William T. Sherman
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Union general who waged total war against the Confederacy during his march to sea
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Charles Sumner
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Massachusetts senator who was nearly caned to death on the senate floor for his antislavery speech
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Stonewall Jackson
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Confederate general who received his nickname at First Battle of Bull Run
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John Wilkes Booth
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a famous stage actor who assassinated President Lincoln
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Dorothea Dix
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Superintendent of Army Nurses in the Union Army
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