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Ancient China: Key Terms

Ancient China: Key Terms

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acupuncture
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ancient healing method using needles in areas of the skin
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calligraphy
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style of writing using brushes; considered an art form
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civil service
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government workers who had to pass difficult exam to serve
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cocoon
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protective covering created by silkworms before transforming into moths; used to spin silk
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dynasty
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power passed down from generation to generation of a family
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gunpowder
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important invention used for fireworks and weapons
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Mongols
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group from north of China that frequently invaded
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Nian
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legendary monster that terrorized a village until they used fireworks to scare it off
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pagoda
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religious tower with many tiers and roofs
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porcelain
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thin, strong, beautiful ceramic invented by the Chinese
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silk
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luxurious fabric worn by wealthy nobles
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terracotta
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a type of baked clay ceramic
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Three Perfections
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three most important art forms: painting, poetry, and calligraphy
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ying yang
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opposites that balance each other throughout nature, such as light and dark, hot and cold
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