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Ancient Chinese Dynasties

Ancient Chinese Dynasties

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Xia Dynasty (2205 to 1575 BC)
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first dynasty known only through legends
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Shang Dynasty (1570 to 1045 BC)
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second dynasty that ruled along the Yellow River
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Zhou Dynasty (1045 to 256 BC)
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longest ruling dynasty; first to use Mandate of Heaven to justify rule
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Qin Dynasty (221 BC to 206 BC)
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short dynasty with many advancements: Great Wall, roads & canals, unified writing system
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Han Dynasty (206 BC to 220 AD)
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established civil service for strong government; invented paper and porcelain
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Six Dynasties (222 to 581 AD)
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turbulent time without a unified leader
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Sui Dynasty (589 to 618 AD)
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reunited China under one rule; expanded Great Wall & built Grand Canal
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Tang Dynasty (618 - 907)
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Golden Age in China; peace, art, literature, tech flourished
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Five Dynasties (907 - 960)
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unstable period started by peasant rebellion that took down the Tang Dynasty
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Song Dynasty (960 - 1279)
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China became a leader in science with the invention of gunpowder and the compass
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Yuan Dynasty (1279 - 1368)
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established by Mongol leader after they defeated the Song in long war
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Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644)
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last great dynasty; finished the Great Wall and built the Forbidden City
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