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Ancient Greece: Key People

Ancient Greece: Key People

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Socrates
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1st Greek philosopher; considered founder of Western philosophy
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Plato
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Socrates' student who wrote many dialogues that included Socrates
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Aristotle
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Plato's student who was interested in the physical world; teacher to Alexander the Great
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Aeschylus
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Playwright; considered the father of the tragedy
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Sophocles
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Most popular playwright; wrote over 100 plays including Oedipus the King
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Euripides
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Playwright who used strong women characters and intelligent slaves
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Aristophanes
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Playwright; considered the father of the comedy
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Aesop
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Wrote fables famous for talking animals and teaching morals
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Homer
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Author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
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Sappho
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Lyric poet famous for her romantic poetry
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Herodotus
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Historian who chronicled the Persian Wars; Father of History
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Thucydides
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Historian known for research; wrote about war between Athens and Sparta
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Archimedes
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One of the greatest scientists and mathematicians in history; made discoveries in math and physics
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Aristarchus
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First person to put the sun at the center of the universe, not Earth
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Euclid
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Father of Geometry; wrote "Elements," the most famous math book
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Hippocrates
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Father of Western Medicine
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Pythagoras
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Mathematician known for the Pythagorean Theorem
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Alexander the Great
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Greatest military commander who never lost a battle & expanded Greek empire to its greatest size
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Cleisthenes
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Father of Athenian Democracy
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Draco
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Responsible for Draconian Law, which made any offenses punishable by death
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