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Ancient Greece: Key Terms

Ancient Greece: Key Terms

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epic
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a long poem that tells a heroic story
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colonies
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conquered lands set up for use by Greek city-states
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myths
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stories that attempt to explain natural events
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Acropolis
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hilltop fortress that had many buildings where people met to discuss affairs
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agora
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central meeting place in Greek city-states
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metics
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a class of people who were not citizens
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city-state (polis)
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self-governing unit made up of a city and its surrounding villages
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peninsula
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land surrounded by water on three sides
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assembly
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gathering of citizens
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Helots
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slaves in Sparta
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democracy
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system of government in which citizens vote to make decisions
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isthmus
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small strip of land that connects two larger land masses
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Hellenistic
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relating to Greek culture after the rule of Alexander the Great
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oracle
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sacred site where one could talk to a god or goddess
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plague
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widespread disease or disaster
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oligarchy
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system of government in which a small group holds power
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Persian Wars
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war between Greece and Persia in which Greece won
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philosopher
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person who studies and thinks about the state of the world
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