Play
Carbon-Based Molecules and Their Reactions

Carbon-Based Molecules and Their Reactions

Mastery: 0%
Click on any card to view the other side. To master this BrainRush, click Play.
Tags: science   ela   biology   chemistry   rst.9-10.4   rst.11-12.4   high school   ngss   molecules   reaction   hs-ls1-6   ls1-6   carbon  

Share This BrainRush:

Monomer
back
A smaller, singular subunit that makes up a larger molecule called a polymer.
front
Polymer
back
A molecule made up of many smaller monomers.
front
Carbohydrates
back
Molecules consisting of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen. This category of molecules includes sugars, starches, and fiber.
front
Lipids
back
Nonpolar molecules that are composed of fatty acids and glycerol. This category of molecules includes fats, oils, and cholesterol.
front
Fatty Acids
back
Very long chains of carbon molecules that are flanked by bonds with Hydrogen.
front
Protein
back
A polymer of amino acid-monomers that have folded into a highly specific 3-D shape.
front
Amino Acids
back
Molecules that make up proteins and are coded for by RNA. There are 20 important ones used in human proteins.
front
Nucleic Acids
back
Polymers of nucleotides that hold the genetic information inside of organisms necessary to create proteins. Includes DNA and RNA.
front
Nucleotides
back
Consists of a ribose sugar, a phosphate group, and a Nitrogenous base. Includes Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine, and Uracil.
front
Chemical Reactions
back
Alter substances into different substances by rearranging, breaking, and creating new chemical bonds.
front
Reactants
back
The substances present at the beginning of a reaction.
front
Products
back
The substances generated by a chemical reaction.
front
Bond Energy
back
The amount of energy necessary to break the bonds between two atoms.
front
Equilibrium
back
The state of a reaction that is achieved when the forward and reverse reactions are happening at the same rate.
front
Activation Energy
back
The amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction.
front
Exothermic
back
A reaction that has a net release of energy.
front
Endothermic
back
A reaction that has a net absorption of energy.
front
Catalyst
back
A molecule or atom that decreases the amount of activation energy necessary to start a chemical reaction. It increases the rate of a chemical reaction.
front
Enzyme
back
Biological catalysts.
front
Substrates
back
The specific molecules that enzymes act on and manipulate.
front