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Cattle Industry

Cattle Industry

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Tags: social studies   history   us history  

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Where the cattle industry began
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Texas
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What longhorns could be sold for to teh north and east
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$40
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The first cattleman to follow a trail taking beef to Army camps and Indian reservations
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Charles Goodnight
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An area of unfenced land on the Plains that provided free grazing and water
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Open Range
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created the first cowtown at Abilene
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Joseph Mc Coy
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Created the first ranches on the Plains which offerd the opportunity for cross breeding
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John Iliff
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Involved driving 2- 3000cattle over 3 - 4 months
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Long drive
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Clothes worn by a cowboy
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Bandana, Chaps, Stetson
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period in the winter when cowboys were employed
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Line camp
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Activities undertaken by cowboys in a cowtown
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Boozing, gambling and womanising
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The main reason for the development of the cattle industry
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Demand for beef
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Reason why so many people got involved in the cattle industry
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Low cost, high profit industry
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Fenced off land
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Homesteaders
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This led to lower prices and less grazing land
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Overstocking
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Due to overstocking, lack of grazing and fall in price
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End of the Open Range
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Ended arguments over water and
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Windpumps
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