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Cell Parts and Functions

Cell Parts and Functions

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Tags: science   ela   biology   rst.9-10.4   rst.11-12.4   high school   cells   8th grade   ngss   hs-ls1-1   ls1-1  

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mitochondria
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performs cellular respiration to make cell energy
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nucleus
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stores DNA and controls all activity in the cell
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nucleolus
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makes ribosomes, found in nucleus
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Golgi apparatus
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receives, packages and ships proteins
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rough endoplasmic reticulum
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covered with ribosomes; modifies proteins
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smooth endoplasmic reticulum
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makes and breaks down lipids, neutralizes toxins
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vesicle
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formed by the golgi, moves substances in and out of the cell
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vacuole
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stores proteins and carbs
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lysosome
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contains enzymes that break down old organelles and digest invaders
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cell membrane
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controls movement of materials in and out of the cell
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nuclear envelope
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double-layered membrane that protects the nucleus & controls what goes in and out of it
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ribosome
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makes proteins
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cytoskeleton
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made of microtubules and microfilaments, gives the cell structure
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cell wall
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made of cellulose (many sugars linked together); provides structure for plant cells
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chloroplast
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organelle in plant cells that photosynthesizes to make sugar and oxygen
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central vacuole
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found only in plants & stores proteins, water, and carbs.
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peroxisome
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contains hydrogen peroxide and breaks down material in the cell
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DNA, chromosomes
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contains directions for making proteins; stored in the nucleus
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centrioles/ centrosome
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found in animal cells only, helps with cell division
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chromatin
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DNA when it is unwound, looks like spaghetti,cell is not dividing
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chromosome
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DNA when a cell is dividing, coils up
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