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Chemical Bonds and Intermolecular Forces Terms

Chemical Bonds and Intermolecular Forces Terms

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Tags: science   chemistry   high school   force   hs-ps1-2   ngss   ps1-2   chemical   intermolecular   bond  

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Ionic Bond
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A type of chemical bond resulting from the transfer of electron(s) from one atom to another.
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Covalent Bond
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A type of chemical bond formed when electrons are shared between two atoms.
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Polar Covalent Bond
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A type of covalent bond where electrons are unequally shared between two atoms.
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Nonpolar Covalent Bond
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A type of covalent bond where electrons are equally shared between two atoms.
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Single Bond
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A covalent bond formed when two atoms share one pair of electrons.
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Double Bond
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A covalent bond formed when two atoms share two pairs of electrons.
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Triple Bond
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A covalent bond formed when two atoms share three pairs of electrons.
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Octet Rule
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A theory that states that an atom must have 8 valence electrons (by losing, gaining, or sharing electrons) to be stable.
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Bonding Pair
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A pair of valence electrons that is part of a covalent bond.
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Lone pair
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A pair of valence electrons that is not part of a covalent bond.
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Dipole-Dipole Force
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An intermolecular force between the positive part of one polar molecule and the negative part of a separate polar molecule.
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Hydrogen Bond
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An intermolecular force between a positive Hydrogen atom of one polar molecule and a negative atom of a different molecule (usually Nitrogen, Oxygen, or Fluorine).
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London Dispersion Forces
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An intermolecular force that exists between non-polar molecules and is generated by instantaneous and induced dipoles.
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Metallic Bond
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A type of chemical bond formed between the atoms of a metallic element by the interactions of valence electrons in its respective lattice structure.
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