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Civil Rights Vocabulary

Civil Rights Vocabulary

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NAACP counsel, led the attorneys who challenged the segregation laws in the courts
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Thurgood Marshall
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ruled that “separate but equal” education for black & white was unconstitional
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Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
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African Americans boycotted the public buses in Montgomery in response to the arrest of Rosa Parks
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Montgomery bus boycott
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coordinated civil rights protests across the South
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Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
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a protest in which people sit in a place and refuse to move until their demands are met
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Sit-in
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formed in 1960; was created to give young people a larger role in the civil rights movement
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Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
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– protests against segregation on interstate busing in the South
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Freedom Rides
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planned Freedom Rides to desegregate interstate buses, or buses that travel between states
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Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
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– a huge civil rights demonstration in Washington, D.C., in 1963
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March on Washington
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banned segregation in public places, such as hotels, restaurants, and theaters
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Civil Rights Acts of 1964
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in 1964, the SNCC organized a voter-registration drive
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Freedom Summer
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this law banned literacy tests and other laws that kept African Americans from registering to vote
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Voting Rights Act
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provided a series of programs to help the disenfranchised, the poor, the elderly, and women;
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Great Society
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led the Nation of Islam, founded in the US, and urged African Americans to separate from whites
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Malcom X
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started the National Farm Workers Association; marched with striking grape pickers
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Cesar Chavez
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founded in 1944 to promote the “common welfare” of Native Americans
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National Congress of American Indians (NCAI)
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helped form the National Organization for Women in 1966
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Betty Friedan
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had major goals to help women get good jobs and equal pay for their work
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National Organization for Women (NOW)
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a proposed amendment that would give equality of rights regardless of sex; amendment died in 1982
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Equal Rights Amendments (ERA)
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a 26-year-old Baptist minister from Atlanta, Georgia who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement
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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
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