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Computer Literacy - Unit5

Computer Literacy - Unit5

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Tags: computer   technology   cs115   comp literacy  

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Step by step solution to a problem
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Algorithm
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Sequence, Selection, and Looping
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Fundamental programming control structures
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Translates source code line by line as program executes
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Interpreter
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Translates entire program once into machine language
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Compiler
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Programming language understood by the CPU
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Machine Language
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CPU independent programming language; closer to English
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High-Level Language
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Common high level language which is both compiled and interpreted
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Java
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Common high level language; built into MS Office programs
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Visual Basic
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intermediate code; often distributed across WWW
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Java Bytecode
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Bytecode interpreter; now built into web browsers
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Java Virtual Machine (JVM)
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the grammatical structure of programming languages
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Syntax
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the meaning of program code
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Semantics
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initial delivery of largely untested software
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Alpha Release
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very early software delivery to let users find bugs
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Beta Release
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problem solving by breaking into subproblems
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Top Down Design
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Solving small problems and then combining those solutions
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Bottom Up Design
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CPU fetching, decoding, and executing code
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Machine Cycle
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Address, data, and control wires linking chips inside the computer
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Computer Bus
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coined term 'bug'; wrote first compiler
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Grace Hopper
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# bits computer can process in one instruction
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Word Size
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error or failure producing incorrect result or behavior
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Computer Bug
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