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Homesteaders

Homesteaders

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Tags: social studies   history   us history  

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Farmer
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Another word for a homesteader
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Push factor
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Something that forced people to farm on the Plains
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Pull factor
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Something that attracted people onto the Plains
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1862 Homestead Act
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Government pull factor
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There was little wood on the Plains
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Reason why Sod houses were built
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Cow chips
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Used for fuel and often collected by women
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land is ploughed immediately after rainfall to retain moisture in soil
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Dry Farming
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Difficult to keep clean, leaks when it rains
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Problems with a sod house
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Solved the problem of the really hard Plains soil
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John Deere Sod Buster
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Invented by Joseph Glidden in 1874 - stopped cattle trampling crops
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Barbed wire
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Turkey Red
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New crop from Siberia
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Windpump
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Helped solve water shortage
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Timber Culture
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Government Act in 1873
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Rail companies
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Encouraged many homesteaders west with adverts
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plagues of grasshoppers and Tornadoes
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unsolvable problems
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Completion of the transcontinental railway
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This made a huge difference to the lives of Homesteaders
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Meant that Indians were no longer a problem
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Reservations
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Sent some women insane
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Loneliness
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Ex slaves and ex soldiers
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Made a fresh start after the civil war
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Cattlemen
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Major source of conflict for homesteaders
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