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Introduction to Chemistry and its Disciplines

Introduction to Chemistry and its Disciplines

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Chemistry
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The study of matter's composition and how it changes. It affects all parts of life and nature.
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Matter
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Any substance that takes up space and has mass.
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Organic Chemistry
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The study of chemicals that contain Carbon.
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Inorganic Chemistry
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The study of chemicals that do not contain Carbon.
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Biochemistry
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The study of the processes that occur in living organisms.
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Analytical Chemistry
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The study of the composition, separation, and quantification of matter.
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Physical Chemistry
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The study of the mechanisms, rates, and energy transfers that accompany a change in matter.
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Pure Chemistry
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Research which is performed solely to gain knowledge about chemicals.
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Applied Chemistry
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Research which is done to achieve a practical goal or application.
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Technology
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The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes.
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Macroscopic
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Matter that is visible to the naked eye.
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Microscopic
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Matter so small that it is only visible with a microscope.
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Biotechnology
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The use of biological processes for industrial purposes.
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Pollutant
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A substance in an environment that has undesired effects or adversely affects a resource.
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Scientific Method
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A procedural method characterized by observation, measurement, experimentation, and the use of a hypothesis.
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Observation
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The act of gathering information through attentive use of the senses.
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Hypothesis
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A possible explanation that you can test through study and experimentation.
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Experiment
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A scientific procedure performed to test a hypothesis.
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Independent Variable
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A variable whose variation does not depend on that of another.
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Dependent Variable
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A variable whose value depends on that of another.
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Scientific Theory
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A well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the world.
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Scientific Law
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A brief statement that describes some aspect of the universe and is based on repeated experimental observation.
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