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Introduction to the Periodic Table and the Atom

Introduction to the Periodic Table and the Atom

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Tags: science   chemistry   high school   cusd   hs-ps1-2   ngss   ps1-2   ap   acadec  

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Inorganic Chemistry
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The field of chemistry that studies non-carbon-based matter including metals and salts.
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Organic Chemistry
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The field of chemistry that studies organic matter frequently including the elements Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Hydrogen.
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Atomic Number
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The periodic table is listed in order of increasing ____.
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Protons
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The atomic number is equal to the number of ____ in an atomic nucleus.
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Metals
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Conduct electricity and heat; form ionic or metallic bonds.
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Nonmetals
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Poor conductors; form covalent bonds.
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Metalloids
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Share characteristics with metals & nonmetals.
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Nucleus
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The center of an atom that contains protons and neutrons.
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Positive
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Protons have a ___ charge.
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Negative
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Electrons have a ___ charge.
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Neutrons
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Particles in the atomic nucleus that have similar mass to protons but carry no charge.
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Electrons
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Tiny particles that surround the nucleus and are arranged in energy levels called orbitals.
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Neutral (Zero)
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Neutrons have a ___ charge.
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Isotope
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Atoms that share the same atomic number but have a different a different number of neutrons (and thus a different Atomic Mass)
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Atomic Mass
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The sum of the number of protons and the number of neutrons in an atom's nucleus.
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