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Ionic and Covalent Bonding

Ionic and Covalent Bonding

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Tags: science   ela   chemistry   rst.9-10.4   rst.11-12.4   high school   hs-ps1-2   ngss   ps1-2   metallic   ionic bonds   bonds  

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Valence Electrons
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The outermost electrons in an atom that are responsible for the chemical reactivity and characteristics of that atom.
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Octet Rule
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Elements tend to combine in such a way that each atom has eight electrons in its valence shell, giving it the same electronic configuration as a noble gas.
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Cation
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An ion formed after a neutral atom loses an electron.
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Anion
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An ion formed after a neutral atom gains an electron.
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Ionic Compounds
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Chemical compounds that are made up of cations and anions.
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Ionic Bonds
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The type of bond that forms between two atoms who have a metal and a nonmetal. They form due to the transfer of electrons between these two atoms.
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Covalent Bond
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A type of bond formed by the sharing of electrons between two atom nonmetals.
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