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Islam Key Terms

Islam Key Terms

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Adhan
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call to prayer
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Allah
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God; the Supreme Being
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Burka
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shawl women wear to cover hair and arms
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Hadith
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collection of stories about Muhammad’s words and actions
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Hajj
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pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest site in Islam
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Halal
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meat that was ritually slaughtered and therefore appropriate to eat
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Haram
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areas around Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem - holy places of Islam
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Imam
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prayer leader
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Koran (Qu'ran)
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the Holy Book
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Mihrab
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recess in mosque wall that faces Mecca, i.e. direction of prayer
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Minaret
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tower at mosque that sends out call to prayer
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Mosque
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holy building for prayer and education
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Muhammad
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the Holy Prophet (often written with "pbuh" - praise be unto him")
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Pillars of Faith
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five essential religious duties of Muslims
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Ramadan
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time of fasting from dawn to dusk (9th month of Muslim calendar)
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Salat/Salah
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Ritual Prayer, observed five times a day
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Shi'a and Sunni
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two main branches of Islam
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Topi
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small cap worn by men at prayer
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