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Life Science: Essential Terms 3

Life Science: Essential Terms 3

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Tags: science   biology   high school   life science   ngss   ls1-1   ls1  

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ecology
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study of the relationships between groups of living things and their environments
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biodiversity
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degree of variation of life
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ecosystem
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community of living organisms (plants, animals, & microbes)
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biome
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a major ecological community type (as tropical rain forest, grassland, or desert)
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niche
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an environment with all the things that a particular organism needs in order to live
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producers
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first trophic level in a food chain; serves as a food source for consumers
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herbivores
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animals that eat only plants
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carnivores
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animals that eat other animals
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food web
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depiction of feeding connections in an ecological community
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food chain
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linear sequence in a food web starting with producers & ending with decomposers
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trophic
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relating to feeding and nutrition
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energy transfer
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when energy crosses the boundary between systems
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scavengers
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organisms that feed on dead animal and plant material in its habitat
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decomposers
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organisms that break down decaying organisms
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autotrophs
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organisms (like plants) that make their own food through light or chemical energy
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heterotrophs
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organisms (like animals) that need to eat organic matter from other organisms
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homeostasis
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ability to maintain internal equilibrium by changing its physiological processes
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