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Life Science: Genes & Heredity Essential Terms

Life Science: Genes & Heredity Essential Terms

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Tags: science   biology   high school   life science  

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genetics
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the science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms
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heredity
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the passing of traits to offspring from its parents or ancestors
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double helix
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double-stranded molecules of nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA
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DNA
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molecule that encodes genetic instructions for organisms
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replication
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producing two identical copies from one original DNA molecule
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mutation
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a change in the nucleotide sequence of an organism's genome
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nucleus
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organelles that contains most of the cell's genetic material
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mitosis
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the process of cell duplication
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inheritance
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the passing of traits from parents to offspring
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dominance
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the property of a gene that makes it stronger or more apparent than others
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recessive
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the property of a gene that causes it to be masked by others
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Punnett Square
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diagram used to predict the outcome of a cross or breeding experiment
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heterozygous
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having dissimilar alleles coding for the same trait or gene
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homozygous
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having the same alleles at a particular gene locus on homologous chromosomes
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