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Mitochondria and Cellular Respiration

Mitochondria and Cellular Respiration

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Tags: science   ela   biology   rst.9-10.4   rst.11-12.4   high school   ngss   ap   cycle   ls1-5   hs-ls1-5   cellular respiration   mitochondria   krebs  

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Inner Mitochondrial Membrane
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Holds the Electron Transport Chain and ATP Synthase.
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Outer Mitochondrial Membrane
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Allows molecules needed for cellular respiration to enter.
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Intermembrane Space
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Has a high concentration of hydrogen atoms.
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Mitochondrial Matrix
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Has a low concentration of hydrogen atoms.
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Pyruvate Decarboxylation
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The process of breaking pyruvate down into Acetyl-CoA, Carbon Dioxide, and NADH.
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Coenzyme A
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A molecule used to bind to the Acetyl groups formed by pyruvate decarboxylation and bring them into the Krebs Cycle.
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Citric Acid
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A six-carbon molecule formed in the Krebs cycle through the combination of the incoming 2-carbon Acetyl group and 4-carbon oxaloacetate.
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Krebs Cycle/TCA Cycle/Citric Acid Cycle
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The cycle of reactions used to take the incoming carbon-containing molecule Acetyl-CoA and break it down into carbon dioxide, ATP, and high-energy intermediates like NADH.
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Electron Transport Chain
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The series of steps in the inner mitochondrial membrane used to remove electrons from high-energy containing molecules like NADH and transport them to ATP Synthase.
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Chemiosmotic Gradient
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The concentration difference in Hydrogen between the mitochondrial matrix and intermembrane space used to to create the driving force (proton motive force) of ATP Synthase.
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ATP Synthase
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The membrane-bound protein in the inner mitochondrial membrane used to produce ATP by pumping proteins into the mitochondrial matrix.
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36 ATP
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The amount of ATP generated by glycolysis and cellular respiration in eukaryotic cells.
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38 ATP
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The amount of ATP generated by glycolysis and cellular respiration in prokaryotic cells.
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Carbon Dioxide and Water
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The Products of Cellular Respiration
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Glucose and Oxygen.
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The Reactants of Cellular Respiration.
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