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Physical Science: Essential Terms 1

Physical Science: Essential Terms 1

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Tags: science   ela   physics   chemistry   rst.9-10.4   rst.11-12.4   high school   hs-ps1-2   ngss   middle school   terms   essential  

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solid
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state of matter characterized by rigidity and resistance to change
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liquid
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state of matter characterized by a definitive volume but no fixed shape
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gas
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state of matter that expands freely to fill available space
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molecular motion
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how atoms move in response to certain kinds of energy stimuli; measured by temperature
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balance (equilibrium)
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when different elements are equal or in the correct proportions
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phase
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a distinct period in a process of development
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property
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special quality, attribute, or component
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physical property
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any property with a measurable value in a physical system
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chemical property
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properties that become evident during a chemical reaction
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acid
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chemical solutions with a pH of less than 7
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base
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chemical solutions with a pH higher than 7
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periodic table
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elements arranged by their atomic numbers, electron configurations, and properties
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group/family
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column of elements in the periodic table
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period
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row of elements in the periodic table
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non-metal
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elements that are not able to conduct electricity or heat well
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metal
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solid material that features good electrical and thermal conductivity
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valence electron
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electron that can participate in the formation of a chemical bond
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mixture
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two or more chemicals that mixed but not chemically combined
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