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Physics Properties and Mixtures

Physics Properties and Mixtures

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Tags: science   ela   chemistry   rst.9-10.4   rst.11-12.4   high school   physical   solutions   hs-ps1-2   ngss   ps1-2   properties  

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Mass
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A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
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Volume
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A measure of the amount of space an object occupies.
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Extensive Property
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A property of matter that is dependent on the amount of matter in an object.
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Intensive Property
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A property of matter that is dependent on the type of matter present, not on the amount of matter present.
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Substance
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A form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties.
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Physical Property
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A characteristic of a chemical substance that can be measured or observed without altering the composition of the substance.
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The Three States of Matter
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Solid, Liquid, and Gas
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Solid
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A state of matter characterized by its definite shape and volume, tightly-packed molecules, and incompressibility.
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Liquid
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A state of matter characterized by its indefinite shape, capacity to flow, and incompressibility.
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Gas
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A state of matter characterized by its expansion to fill its container's volume, capacity to flow, and compressibility.
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Vapor
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The gas formed by heating or decompressing a substance that is a liquid or solid at room temperature and under atmospheric pressure.
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Physical Change
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When properties of a material are altered, but the composition remains the same.
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Mixture
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A system made up of two or more substances that are blended, but not chemically combined.
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Heterogeneous Mixture
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A mixture that has a non-uniform composition.
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Homogeneous Mixture
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A mixture that has uniform composition.
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Solution
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A homogeneous mixture composed of only one phase.
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Phase
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A physically distinctive form of matter with constant composition and chemical properties.
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Filtration
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The process of separating the solid portion from the liquid portion of a heterogeneous mixture.
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Distillation
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The process of heating liquid to create vapor followed by collecting the vapor using a condenser and collecting flask.
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