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Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes

Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes

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Tags: science   biology   cells   ocr biology   as biology   eukaryote   prokaryote  

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Prokaryotes
Have one membrane, the cell surface membrane

Surrounded by peptigloglycan (or murein) cell wall

Has a protective layer called a capsule

Ribosome ~ 20nm

Single loop of DNA

ATP produced in mesosomes

Some contain flagella or pili

0.2-2.0μm diameter

Eukaryotes
Have membrane bound organelles

Cell walls of cellulose or chitin

Ribosomes ~30nm

DNA in chromosomes

ATP produced in mitochondria

Can contain chloroplasts

10-100μm diameter