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Quantum Numbers and Important Principles

Quantum Numbers and Important Principles

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Tags: science   numbers   chemistry   high school   hs-ps1-2   ngss   ps1-2   ap   quantum   principles   bohr  

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Principal Quantum Number
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Describes the electron shells (energy levels) of an atom.
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Azimuthal Quantum Number
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Describes the electron subshells of an atom.
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Magnetic Quantum Number
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Describes the orbitals of a subshell.
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Spin Projection Quantum Number (Spin)
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Describes the spin of an electron within an orbital.
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Pauli Exclusion Principle
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States that no two electrons can possess the same four quantum numbers.
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Aufbau Principle
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States that electrons will always fill the orbital with the lowest energy level.
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Hund's Rule
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States that the lowest energy configuration for an atom is the one that possesses the maximum number of half-filled and fully-filled orbitals.
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Heisenberg Uncertainty Principal
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States that you cannot simultaneously measure both the location and momentum of an electron in an atom.
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The Bohr Model
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States that the electrons in a Hydrogen atom move around in defined, circular paths around the nucleus.
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Ground State
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The lowest possible energy state for an electron in an atom.
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