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Regulation, Cancer, and Asexual Reproduction Terms

Regulation, Cancer, and Asexual Reproduction Terms

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Tags: science   ela   biology   rst.9-10.4   rst.11-12.4   high school   cell cycle   asexual   reproduction   ngss   hs-ls1-1   ls1-1   cancer  

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Growth Factor
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A substance, such as a vitamin or hormone, that is required for the stimulation of growth in living cells.
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Apoptosis
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Programmed cell death that occurs if a cell is unhealthy. Can be caused by genetic mutations and carried out of by releasing enzymes from lysosomes or the electron transport chain.
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Cancer
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A disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body.
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Benign Tumor
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A tumor that lacks the ability to metastasize.
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Metastasize
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When cancer cells invade other tissues causing the development of secondary malignant growths at a distance from a primary site of cancer.
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Carcinogen
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A substance capable of causing cancer in living tissue.
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Malignant Tumor
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A type of tumor that can metastasize.
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Asexual Reproduction
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A mode of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single parent and inherit the genes of that parent only.
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Binary Fission
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A method of asexual reproduction. It is the most common form of reproduction in prokaryotes and also occurs in mitochondria and chloroplasts.
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Budding
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A type of asexual reproduction that is similar to binary fission except it results in an unequal distribution of cytoplasm. Yeasts use this method of reproduction.
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Parthenogenesis
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Asexual reproduction that results from an unfertilized haploid ovum developing into an adult organism. Worker ants are produced this way.
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Tissue
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Groups of similar cells that work together towards a common goal or function.
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Organ
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Groups of tissues that work together to help perform functions that complex organisms need to survive.
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Organ Systems
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Body-wide groups of organs that work together in concert to perform functions.
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Cell Differentiation
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The process by which a less specialized cell becomes a more specialized cell type.
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Stem Cells
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An undifferentiated cell that is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation.
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Pluripotent Stem Cell
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A stem cell capable of giving rise to many different and diverse cell types.
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Multipotent Stem Cells
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A stem cell capable of giving rise to a differentiated cell from a specific group of similar cell.
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