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Replication, Transcription, and RNA

Replication, Transcription, and RNA

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Tags: science   ela   biology   rst.9-10.4   rst.11-12.4   high school   cusd   dna   ngss   ls3-1   hs-ls3-1   types   replication   transcription   rna   dogma   central  

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Bacteriophage
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A virus that parasitizes a bacterium.
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Nucleotides
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The monomers of Nucleic Acids (DNA or RNA).
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Pyrimidines
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The single-ringed nucleotides of DNA.
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Purines
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The double-ringed nucleotides of DNA
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Double Helix
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The twisted-ladder structure of DNA.
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A-T Base Pairing Rule
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In DNA, Adenine (A) always binds to Thymine (T).
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G-C Base Pairing Rule
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In DNA, Guanine (G) always binds to Cytosine (C).
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Replication
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The process of a cell duplicating its own DNA.
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DNA Polymerase
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The enzyme responsible for DNA Replication.
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The Central Dogma
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DNA is transcribed to RNA, which translated to Proteins.
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Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
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Single-stranded nucleotide chains copied from DNA.
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Transcription
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The process by which RNA is copied from DNA.
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RNA Polymerase
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The enzyme responsible for Translation of DNA.
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Messenger RNA (mRNA)
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A type of RNA that codes for a protein.
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Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
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A type of RNA that forms parts of Ribosomes.
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Transfer RNA (tRNA)
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A type of RNA that helps build Amino Acid-carriers.
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