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Translation, Gene Expression, and Mutations

Translation, Gene Expression, and Mutations

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Tags: science   biology   high school   cusd   ngss   ls3-1   hs-ls3-1   rna   translation   gene expression   mutation   codon   operon   trna   mrna  

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Translation
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The process of producing Proteins from mRNA.
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Codon
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Three-nucleotide sequences that code for amino acids.
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Start Codon
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The Codon that signals the start of Translation.
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Stop Codon
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A codon that tells Translation to stop.
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Anticodon
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Three nucleotides on tRNA that complement mRNA.
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Promoter
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A region of DNA that signals Transcription to start.
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Operon
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A region of DNA that controls Transcription of a gene.
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Repressor
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A protein that binds to the operator & blocks DNA Pol
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Operator
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The region of DNA where a Repressor Binds
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Introns
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Regions of mRNA that are removed during processing.
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Exons
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Regions of mRNA that are saved during processing.
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Mutation
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The changing of the structure of a gene or DNA.
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Point Mutation
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A mutation in which a single nucleotide is switched.
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Frameshift Mutation
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Mutation where nucleotide(s) are added or deleted.
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Mutagens
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An agent that can change or mutate DNA.
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