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Types of Figurative Language

Types of Figurative Language

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Tags: ela   l.6.5   l.7.5   l.8.5   high school   7th grade   6th grade   common core   8th grade  

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alliteration
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repetition of consonant sounds
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simile
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a comparision between two unlike things using like or as
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metaphor
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a comparision between two unlike things without like or as
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personification
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a figure of speech in which an object has human characteristics
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onomatopoeia
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a word that imitates or describes a sound (ex: pop)
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hyperbole
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an outrageous exaggeration
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idiom
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a phrase with a peculiar meaning that cannot be inferred from the actual words
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cliché
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an overly-used phrase
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pun
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a play on words
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under-statement
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a statement that is restrained or less than actuality
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irony
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the exact opposite of what the words actually mean; the opposite of what one expects
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metonymy
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word or phrase that substitutes one that is closely related ("crown" to mean "royalty")
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synecdoche
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using a part to represent a whole (Ex: "wheels" to mean "car"), or vice versa
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assonance
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repetition of vowel sounds
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oxymoron
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pair of apparently contradictory terms that make sense
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paradox
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a statement that seems contradictory, but is actually true
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