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World War II: Key People

World War II: Key People

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Tags: social studies   history   ww2   high school  

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Winston Churchill
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Prime Minister of Britain; played a major role in assembling the Allied Powers against Germany
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Adolf Hitler
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Fuhrer of Nazi Germany; achieved absolute power and made plans for the "final solution"
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Franklin D. Roosevelt
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American president; led the U.S. through WWII and held Allied powers together until Germany's defeat
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Joseph Stalin
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General Secretary the Soviet Union; joined Allies to defeat Germany but encountered mutual distrust
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Benito Mussolini
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Fascist prime minister of Italy; allied with Germany and Japan to form the Axis powers
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Hirohito
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Emperor of Japan; allied with Germany and Italy to form the Axis Powers
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Neville Chamberlain
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Prime Minister of Britain; favored appeasement during Germany's invasion of Austria
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Dwight D. Eisenhower
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U.S. Army general who served as the Supreme Allied commander in Europe; planned Operation Overlord
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Yamamoto Isoroku
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Japanese Navy admiral who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor
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James Doolittle
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U.S. Army general; led "Doolittle Raid" against Japan in 1942
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Harry S. Truman
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U.S. president during last months of the war; decided to use atomic bombs against Japan
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Erwin Rommel
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German field marshal nicknamed the "Desert Fox;" known for brilliant strategies in North Africa
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